Prof. Herbert Gintis

Herbert Gintis

Emeritus Professor of Economics
University of Massachusetts (USA)
External Professor at Santa Fe Institute, New Mexico (USA)

Personal page:

Personal web site:

List of publications (pdf)

Education: B.A. in Mathematics at University of Pennsylvania; M.A. in Mathematics at Harvard University; Ph.D. in Economics at Harvard University.

Research interests: Unification of the behavioral sciences; Dynamics and quantitative studies of human behaviour; Evolutionary game theory; Behavioral economics; Information processing and computation in complex systems; Dynamics of general equilibrium; Economic and social behaviour; Biology and sociobiology, antropology, social and cognitive psychology, sociology, political science; Community governance, cooperation and punishment systems, societal outcomes; Public policy and social choice; Intergenerational inequality; Egalitarian politics; Moral economy; Economics and policy of education.

Present positions: Associate Editor, Social Justice Research ● International Advisory Board, Journal of Institutional Economics.

Awards and acknowledgments: Museum of Education's "Books of the Century" award for Schooling in Capitalist America, 2000.

Web resources on Professor Gintis: Herbert Gintis on Wikipedia ( ● Herbert Gintis at IDEAS/RePEc ( ● Herbert Gintis: The flip side of altruism, interview by C. Sachdev, 2006 ( ● Class material on Classical, evolutionary and experimental game theory (at Professor Gintis' web site: ● Reviews written by Gintis on Amazon ( ● Videolectures: Gintis’ lecture Five principles for the Unification of Behavioral Sciences, 2008 (video: ● Gintis’ lecture Towards the unification of the behavioural sciences (; ● Gintis’ lecture Behavioral Ethics: Other-regarding Preferences and Character Virtues (


(Mostly available at Professor Gintis web site:

(2010) Herbert Gintis. Towards a renaissance of economic theory. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 73: 34–40 (

(2009) Herbert Gintis. Decision theory and human behavior. Chapter 1 of the book: The bounds of reason: Game theory and the unification of the behavioral sciences ( (link at Google Book preview: (book preview at Professor Gintis’ personal website:

(2009) Herbert Gintis. Probability theory. Chapter 1 of the book: Game theory evolving (2° ed.) ( (link at Google Book preview: (book preview at Professor Gintis’ personal website:

(2009) Jeffrey Carpenter, Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Sung-Ha Hwang. Strong reciprocity and team production: Theory and evidence. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization (

(2008) Herbert Gintis. Punishment and cooperation. Science, 7 March 2008 (

(2007) Herbert Gintis. A framework for the integration of the behavioral sciences. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 30, 1-61 (

(2007) Herbert Gintis. The dynamics of general equilibrium. The Economic Journal, 117 (October), 1280–1309 (

(2007) Herbert Gintis, Joseph Henrich, Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd, Ernst Fehr. Strong reciprocity and the roots of human morality, Social Justice Research, October 2007 (

(2007) Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis. Human motivation and social cooperation: Experimental and analytical foundations. Annual Review of Sociology 33:43-64 (

(2006) Herbert Gintis, The emergence of a price system from decentralized bilateral exchange, Berkeley Online Journals of Theoretical Economics (

(2006) Herbert Gintis, Rakesh Khurana, Corporate honesty-A behavioral model, Gruter & Templeton Foundations Report, June (Preprint:

(2006) Herbert Gintis, Behavioral ethics meets natural justice, Politics, Philosophy and Economics5,1:5-32 (Preprint:

(2005) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Melissa Osborne. Introduction of the edited book: Unequal chances: Family background and economic success (

(2005) Herbert Gintis, Behavioral game theory and contemporary economic theory, Analyse & Kritik27,1:6-47 (

(2004) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, The evolution of strong reciprocity: Cooperation in heterogeneous populations, Theoretical Population Biology, 61, pp. 17-28 (Preprint:

(2004) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Persistent parochialism: Trust and exclusion in ethnic networks, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 55,1: 1-23 (

(2004) Christina M. Fong, Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Reciprocity and the Welfare State, in Jean Mercier-Ythier, Serge Kolm and Louis-André Gérard-Varet," (eds.) Handbook on the Economics of Giving, Reciprocity and Altruism, Amsterdam: Elsevier (Preprint:

(2003) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Origins of human cooperation, in Peter Hammerstein (ed.) The Genetic and Cultural Origins of Cooperation, Cambridge: MIT Press (

(2003) Robert Boyd, Herbert Gintis, Samuel Bowles and Peter J. Richerson, Evolution of altruistic punishment, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences100,6:3531-3535 (

(2003) Herbert Gintis, The Hitchhiker's guide to altruism: Genes-culture coevolution and the internalization of norms, Journal of Theoretical Biology 220,4: 407-418 (

(2003) Herbert Gintis, Solving the puzzle of prosociality, Rationality and Society 15,2 (Preprint:

(2003) Herbert Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd and Ernst Fehr, Explaining altruistic behavior in humans, Evolution & Human Behavior, 24:153-172 (

(2002) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Social capital and community governance, Economic Journal,112,483:419-436 (Preprint:

(2001) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, The inheritance of economic status: Education, class and genetics, in N. J. Smelser and Paul Baltes (eds.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Oxford: Pergamon (Preprint:

(2001) Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, In search of Homo economicus: Cooperation, reciprocity and punishment in fifteen small-scale societies, American Economic Review,91 (May), pp. 73-78 (

(2000) Herbert Gintis, Strong reciprocity and human sociality (

(2000) Herbert Gintis, Beyond Homo Economicus, Ecological Economics, 35,3:311–322 (

(1998) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, The moral economy of community: Structured populations and the evolution of prosocial norms, Evolution & Human Behavior, 19,1 (January):3-25 (Preprint:

(1972) Herbert Gintis, A radical analysis of welfare economics and individual development, Quarterly Journal of Economics,86 (November):572-599 (

Working papers and drafts:

(2010) Herbert Gintis. Gene-Culture coevolution and the nature of human sociality (forthcoming in special issue on Human Niche Construction of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society:

(2009) Herbert Gintis. Bayesian rationality, social epistemology, and the choreographer (paper presented at the Rational Choice Seminar, Department of Economics, University of Chicago:

(2009) Catherine Eckel, Herbert Gintis. Blaming the messenger: Notes on the current state of experimental economics (forthcoming in Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization:

(2009) Herbert Gintis. Animal Spirits or complex adaptive dynamics? A review of George Akerlof and Robert J. Schiller Animal Spirits (forthcoming in Journal of Economic Psychology:

(2009) Herbert Gintis. Bayesian rationality and common knowledge (Forthcoming, Rationality and Society:

(2009) Herbert Gintis. The local best response criterion: an epistemic approach to equilibrium refinement. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (

(2009) Herbert Gintis. Behavioral ethics (forthcoming, Edward Slingerland and Mark Collard (eds),

Integrating Science and the Humanities: Interdisciplinary Approaches:

(2009) Herbert Gintis. Social norms as choreography (forthcoming, Politics, Philosophy, and Economics:

(2009) Herbert Gintis. Rationality and its discontents (Review of Ken Binmore, Rational Decisions, forthcoming, The Economic Journal:

(2009) Herbert Gintis. Modeling moral behaviour (

(2008) Herbert Gintis. Five principles for the unification of the behavioral sciences (

(2007) Herbert Gintis, Modeling cooperation with self-regarding agents (

(2006) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, The evolutionary basis of collective action (

(2006) Herbert Gintis, Towards a unified behavioral science (

(2006) Herbert Gintis, The local best response criterion: A new approach to equilibrium refinement(

(2006) Herbert Gintis, The evolution of private property(

(2006) Herbert Gintis, Ross Cressman, Thijs Ruijgrok, Subgame perfection in evolutionary dynamics with recurrent perturbations(

(2006) Herbert Gintis, An efficient algorithm for solving two-player games (

(2006) Herbert Gintis, Adapting minds and evolutionary psychology(

(2006) Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Human motivation and social cooperation: Experimental and analytical foundations(

(2006) Jeffery Carpenter, Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Mutual monitoring in teams: Theory and evidence on the importance of residual claimancy and reciprocity (

(2005) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Power (To appear in Lawrence Blume and Steven Durlauf, The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Palgrave McMillan 2006:

(2004) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Homo Economicus and Zoon Politikon: Behavioral game theory and political behavior(

(2003) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Prosocial emotions (

(2003) Samuel Bowles, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Strong reciprocity and the conditions for the evolution of altruism (

(2002) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, The inheritance of inequality (

(2001) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Schooling in Capitalist America revisited(

(2001) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Melissa Osborne, The determinants of earnings: A behavioral approach(

(2001) Herbert Gintis, Eric Smith, Samuel Bowles, Costly signaling and cooperation(

(2000) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Risk aversion, insurance, and the efficiency-equality tradeoff (

(1998) Herbert Gintis, Paul Romer, The human side of economic analysis: Economic environments and the evolution of norms and preferences (

(1998) Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Is equality passé? Homo reciprocans and the future of egalitarian politics(

(1998) Pranab Bardhan, Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, Wealth inequality, wealth constraints and economic performance (

(1997) Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Homo Reciprocans: A research initiative on the origins, dimensions, and policy implications of reciprocal fairness (

(1996) Herbert Gintis, A Markov model of production, trade, and money: theory and artificial life simulation (

Updated: January 26, 2010

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